Секретарь (zaveng) wrote,
Секретарь
zaveng

Материалы о Асала, и о том, чем на самом деле была эта организация. (на английском)

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ASALA, acronym for Armenian Secret Army to Liberate Armenia,  Marxist-Leninist group formed in 1975 to force the Turkish government to acknowledge the Armenian massacres of 1915 and pay reparations. Its activities, which have included acts of terrorism, have been directed against Turkish government officials and institutions. Its founder, Hagop Hagopian, was killed in 1988; thereafter the group’s activities diminished.  http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1365040/ASALA

The basic strategy in ASALA was to gather all the progressive Armenian movements all over the world at one point in Lebanon and to guide them from a center. . In short, the progressive Armenians would unite under one roof and initiate the "ASALA Public Movement". This would consequently enable the progressive Armenian powers to engage in a formal cooperation and to combine their powers.

ASALA tried to implement this part of its strategy by calling for a meeting in Lebanon for all the progressive Armenians in the world. The wording "progressive" meant "socialist-Marxist".


ASALA was fighting for an attractive future, closely concerning the Marxist and new revolutionary generations and called new Armenian resistance organizations.

The group, which calls itself ASALA is dedicated to the creation of a Marxist-Leninist state in what it calls "historic Armenia"
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The common goal of the co-operation between the terrorist organisations PKK and ASALA is to establish States in Turkey’s Southeastern and Eastern under the Marxist-Leninist ideology.

ЦРУ официально признавала, что Советское Государство помогало ASALA!

http://www.foia.cia.gov/.../docu.../89801/DOC_0000272980.pdf

ASALA revealed to the world its aims and objectives in a "political programme" published in the end of 1981. According to this, the aim of ASALA was "the foundation of a united Armenia under the leadership of a democratic, socialist, revolutionary government". The identity of the government in question is quite clear from the definition. All aid was welcome from the USSR and other socialist countries, while at the same time Soviet Armenia was accepted as a base in "the long struggle of the Armenian people".



In this political programme their enemies were divided into two groups. The first of these was the Dashnak Armenian terrorist group, and all the "regional reactionaries" who opposed, or at least failed to support ASALA. The second was "Turkish imperialism, aided and abetted by international imperialism".



ASALA believed that "the only way of liberating Armenian territory was through the use of violence", and issued public announcements to this effect. According to their programme, ASALA was to support all those who rejected the domination of the ruling classes and who were willing to work towards the foundation and strengthening of coalitions within the international revolutionary movement. Violence and terror formed an essential element in this programme.



In order to realise ASALA's aims and objectives it was not essential that terrorist activities should be directed solely against Turks and the friends of Turkey, or against people in positions of power or authority. "Terror is a phenomenon" and the important point is its scope and dimension. The actual targets may be of secondary importance. Greatest stress it to be laid on murders and massacres that will arouse violent public reaction. Whether the targets are men, women or children, Turks or non-Turks, is of little significance. Nevertheless, first importance was to be given to attacks on Turkey and the Turks. The importance of the attacks and massacres carried out in the airports of Paris and Istanbul, in the Istanbul Covered Market and the airport of Orly, lay entirely in the nature and violence of the reaction these were aimed at arousing.

ASALA received support from three main sources:



1.The Soviet Union, the Eastern block and other socialist countries.




2. Countries such as Greece and Syria whose geopolitical expectations depended on the destabilisation of Turkey from within and without.



3. Various communist parties, indirectly from the Hunchak Armenian terrorist organization and its sympathisers, and also from the Armenian church, in spite of its difference in outlook.



Tags: Армения, Асала, ленинизм, марксизм
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